Lassa fever is a acute, infective agent malady carried by a sort of rat that's common in West Africa. It is a hurt virus, which implies it will cause trauma, though eight out of each ten folks with the virus don't have any symptoms. If it affects the liver, kidneys, or spleen, it is often fatal.
CAUSES Once a Mastomys rat is infected with the virus, it will eliminate the virus in its excretory product and piss, doubtless for the remainder of its life. As a result, the virus will unfold simply, particularly because the rats breed chop-chop and might inhabit human homes.
The most common technique of transmission is by intense or eupneic rat piss or excretory product. It may be unfold through cuts and open sores.
The rats sleep in and around human habitation, and that they usually inherit contact with foodstuffs. generally folks eat the rats, and therefore the malady are often unfold throughout their preparation. Person-to-person contact is feasible via blood, tissue, secretions or excretions, however not through bit. Sharing needles might unfold the virus, and there square measure some reports of s3xual transmission. Lassa fever may be passed between patients and employees at poorly equipped hospitals wherever sterilization and protecting wear isn't customary.
TREATMENT Rehydration associated treatment of symptoms will improve the probabilities of survival if there's an early designation.
Prescribed early, the medicine antiviral agent has verified helpful in fighting Lassa virus, however it works remains unclear.
However, access to antiviral agent within the areas worst littered with the Lassa virus is proscribed. In addition, antiviral agent could also be harmful and agent, that means it will cause mutations. However, work on an immunizing agent is current, and a few medication square measure showing promise.
Other treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and maintaining body perform. This includes managing fluid levels, balance, action, and force per unit area.